Vijayapura (Bijapur) has had its share of glory as a central hub of art, culture and literature in the past. The city’s culture, literature and skills have come under the influence of ancient Indian, Persian and Mughal cultures over the centuries. It is said that Torvi Ramayana in Kannada, the earliest Brahmin version of the Ramayana, was written by Narahari, an author from Torvi, a village located at a distance of 5 km from Vijayapura.
In the 12th Century, it was home to the Sharanas (devotees of Shiva), and a significant part of the Vachana Sahitya was produced here. It was the province of the Bahmani Sultanate from 1347–1518. The Adil Shahi dynasty ruled the city till 1686. During their regime, several monuments were built, and art and literature were hugely patronized. History records that during the reign of the Adil Shai dynasty, Vijayapura attracted musicians, Sufi saints, painters and other men of arts in droves. Gol Gumbaz, the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur, is a world-renowned monument. Now, proposals have been made to list the monuments of Vijayapura under the World Heritage tag.
Art forms like the renowned Bidri, Surpur, Miniature, Indo-Persian and Mughal are deeply ingrained in the city’s culture.