Vijayapura (Bijapur) has had its share of glory as a major hub of art, culture and literature in the past. The city’s culture, literature and arts have come under the influence of ancient Indian, Persian and Mughal culture over the centuries. It is said that the earliest Brahmin version of the Ramayana (Torvi Ramayana) in Kannada was written by an author (Narahari) from Torvi, a village located at a distance of 5 km from Vijayapura.
In the 12th Century, it was home to the Sharanas (devotees of Shvia) and a major part of the Vachana sahitya was produced here. It was the province of the Bahmani Sultanate from 1347–1518. The Adil Shahi dynasty ruled the city till 1686. During their regime several monuments were built and art and literature were hugely patronized. History records that during the reign of the Adil Shai dynasty, Vijayapura attracted musicians, Sufi saints, painters and other men of arts in droves. Gol Gumbuz, the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur, is a world renowned monument. Now, proposals have been made to list the monuments of Vijayapura under World Heritage tag.
Art forms like the renowned Bidri, Surpur, Miniature, Indo-Persian and Mughal are said to be deeply engrained in the city’s culture.